Ruler Robert the Bruce of Scotland (1306 - 1329)
Name: King Robert the Bruce of Scotland
Father: Robert de Brus
Mother: Marjory Countess of Carrick
Connection to Elizabeth II: nineteenth extraordinary granddad
Place of: Bruce
Conceived: July 11, 1274 at Turnberry Castle, Ayrshire
Climbed to the position of royalty: February 10, 1306 matured 31 years
Delegated: March 27, 1306 at Scone Abbey, Perthshire
Married:(1) Isabella of Mar, 1295
Married:(2) Elizabeth de Burgh, 1302
Youngsters: Marjorie, David, John, Matlida, Margaret in addition to a few ill-conceived
Kicked the bucket: June 7, 1329, at Cardross, Dumbartonshire, matured 54 years, 10 months, and 26 days
Covered at: Dunfermline Abbey (body) and Melrose Abbey (heart)
Prevailing by: his child David
After Balliol's abandonment in 1296 Scotland was without a ruler for a long time and led remotely by King Edward I of England. Scots national resistance formed into a war of autonomy in which William Wallace and after that Robert Bruce assumed a main part. Wallace won a triumph over the English at Stirling Bridge in 1297 and announced himself Guardian of Scotland. The next year Edward attacked Scotland again and vanquished William Wallace at Falkirk. Wallace went underground however was caught and in 1305, attempted and hung in London.
In 1298 Robert Bruce assumed control over the title of Guardian of Scotland and, having executed his adversary John Comyn, guaranteed the royal position as the considerable incredible grandson of David I and in 1306 had himself delegated ruler at Scone as Robert I. Autonomy was made simpler by the demise of Edward I as he set out to assert back Scotland. Bruce start expelling the English from Scotland and by mid 1314 Stirling was the main mansion in English hands. An English armed force sent to break the attack was directed by Bruce's littler Scottish constrain at Bannockburn in June 1314.
After six year in 1320 Bruce and the Scottish nobles issued the Declaration of Arbroath affirming Scottish Independence 'For as yearns as one hundred of us might stay alive we should never in any astute agree to submit to the lead of the English, for it is not for grandness that we battle … but rather for opportunity alone.'. Be that as it may, a ceasefire with Edward II of England neglected to stop dangers which proceeded until Edward II was dismissed in 1327.
The Treaty of Edinburgh between Robert I and Edward III in 1328 perceived Scotland's freedom, finishing the 30 years of Wars of Independence. Edward consented to the marriage of Robert Bruce's child David to his more youthful sister Joan little girl of Edward II. Robert Bruce kicked the bucket at his home in Cardross a year later of a genuine sickness depicted by some as infection.
Timeline for King Robert the Bruce of Scotland Historical Timeline for Scotland 834 - Present
- 1306 Interregnum period with no Scottish monarch and rule by Edward I of England.
1297 Andrew de Moray and William Wallace lead the Scots to victory over England at Stirling Bridge.
1298 Edward invades Scotland again and defeats William Wallace at the Battle of Falkirk
and England make peace, releasing forces to attack Scotland 1304
Stirling Castle, the last of the Scottish castles to be captured by Edward I
Wallace is captured and taken to London, where he is tried for treason, and hanged, drawn, and quartered
Robert Bruce is crowned king at Scone but is driven into hiding by the English occupation army of Edward I
Edward I sets out to invade Scotland but dies on his way north. Bruce begins campaign to drive the English out of Scotland
English forces defeated by Bruce at Loudon Hill
King Robert the Bruce convenes his first parliament, at St Andrew
The Scots plunder the North of England 1314
Bruce besieges Stirling Castle. An English army sent to break the siege is routed at the Battle of Bannockburn
Robert the Bruce captures Berwick on Tweed.
Nobles assert Scottish independence in the Declaration of Arbroath.
Truce between Bruce and Edward II fails to stop warfare between the two countries
Treaty of Edinburgh between King Robert I and Edward III which recognised Scotland's independence, ending the 30 years of Wars of Independence.
Robert the Bruce dies at Cardross Castle possibly of leprosy.